Literary updating west
This is the native name of the state, literally meaning "western Bengal" in the native Bengali language.
In August 2016 the West Bengal Legislative Assembly passed another resolution to change the name of West Bengal to "Bengal" in English, and "Bangla" in Bengali.
Following the early conquest of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, it spread across the entire Bengal region.
During the Islamic Bengal Sultanate, founded in 1352, Bengal was major world trading nation and was often referred by the Europeans as the richest country with which to trade.
Armed attempts against the British Raj from Bengal reached a climax when news of Subhas Chandra Bose leading the Indian National Army against the British reached Bengal.
It was one of the four main kingdoms of India at the time of the lives of Mahavira, the principal figure of Jainism, and Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism. Shashanka is often recorded in Buddhist annals as an intolerant Hindu ruler noted for his persecution of the Buddhists.
He murdered Rajyavardhana, the Buddhist king of Thanesar, and is noted for destroying the Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya, and replacing Buddha statues with Shiva lingams.
Later, occasional Muslim raiders reinforced the process of conversion by building mosques, madrasas, and khanqahs.
During the Islamic Bengal Sultanate, founded in 1352, Bengal was major trading nation in the world and was often referred by the Europeans as the richest country to trade with. Simultaneously, some parts of the region were ruled by several Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, and part of it was briefly overrun by the Suri Empire.
In the 16thcentury, Mughal general Islam Khan conquered Bengal.